Splendiferous Story Collection (комплект из 4 книг) Roald Dahl
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In February , Dahl was discharged from hospital and passed fully fit for flying duties. By this time, 80 Squadron had been transferred to the Greek campaign and based at Eleusina , near Athens. The squadron was now equipped with Hawker Hurricanes.
Dahl flew a replacement Hurricane across the Mediterranean Sea in April , after seven hours flying Hurricanes. Dahl saw his first aerial combat on 15 April , while flying alone over the city of Chalcis. He attacked six Junkers Jus that were bombing ships and shot one down. On 16 April in another air battle, he shot down another Ju Of 12 Hurricanes involved, five were shot down and four of their pilots killed, including Pattle.
Greek observers on the ground counted 22 German aircraft downed, but because of the confusion of the aerial engagement, none of the pilots knew which plane they had shot down. Dahl described it as "an endless blur of enemy fighters whizzing towards me from every side".
His squadron was reassembled in Haifa. From there, Dahl flew sorties every day for a period of four weeks, shooting down a Vichy French Air Force Potez 63 on 8 June and another Ju on 15 June, but he then began to get severe headaches that caused him to black out. He was invalided home to Britain. Dahl began writing in , after he was transferred to Washington, D.
Forester had asked Dahl to write down some RAF anecdotes so that he could shape them into a story. After Forester read what Dahl had given him, he decided to publish the story exactly as Dahl had written it. The original title of the article was "A Piece of Cake" but the title was changed to sound more dramatic, despite the fact that he was not actually shot down. Dahl was promoted to Flight Lieutenant in August During the war, Dahl supplied intelligence from Washington to Stephenson and his organisation known as British Security Coordination , which was part of MI6.
Stephenson promptly sent him back to Washington—with a promotion to Wing Commander. Owing to his accident in having left him with excruciating headaches while flying, in August he was invalided out of the RAF. He left the service with the substantive rank of Squadron Leader. Their marriage lasted for 30 years and they had five children: Olivia, Tessa , Theo, Ophelia and Lucy.
On 5 December , four-month-old Theo Dahl was severely injured when his baby carriage was struck by a taxicab in New York City. For a time, he suffered from hydrocephalus , and as a result, his father became involved in the development of what became known as the " Wade-Dahl-Till " or WDT valve, a device to alleviate the condition.
In November , Olivia Dahl died of measles encephalitis at age seven. Dahl subsequently became a proponent of immunisation [ 42 ] and dedicated his book The BFG to his daughter.
In , wife Patricia Neal suffered three burst cerebral aneurysms while pregnant with their fifth child, Lucy; Dahl took control of her rehabilitation and she eventually relearned to talk and walk, and even returned to her acting career, [ 44 ] an episode in their lives which was dramatised in the film The Patricia Neal Story , in which the couple were played by Glenda Jackson and Dirk Bogarde.
Dahl and Crosland had previously been in a relationship. In , Dahl was quoted as saying: Could have been pro-Arab or pro-Jew. There was no consistent line. Roald Dahl died on 23 November , at the age of 74 of a blood disease, myelodysplastic syndrome , in Oxford , [ 49 ] and was buried in the cemetery at St.
According to his granddaughter, the family gave him a "sort of Viking funeral ". He was buried with his snooker cues, some very good burgundy , chocolates, HB pencils and a power saw. There have also been calls from the public for a permanent statue of him to be erected in the city. It was unveiled by his widow Felicity and son Theo. The book, which First Lady of the US Eleanor Roosevelt read to her grandchildren, [ 66 ] was commissioned by Walt Disney for a film that was never made, and published in Dahl also had a successful parallel career as the writer of macabre adult short stories, usually with a dark sense of humour and a surprise ending.
Dahl wrote more than 60 short stories; they have appeared in numerous collections, some only being published in book form after his death See List of Roald Dahl short stories.
His three Edgar Awards were given for: His short story collection Tales of the Unexpected was adapted to a successful TV series of the same name , beginning with "Man From the South". He acquired a traditional Romanichal Gypsy wagon in the s, and the family used it as a playhouse for his children. He later used the vardo as a writing room, where he wrote the book Danny, the Champion of the World.
A number of his short stories are supposed to be extracts from the diary of his fictional Uncle Oswald, a rich gentleman whose sexual exploits form the subject of these stories. They typically involve adult villains who hate and mistreat children, and feature at least one "good" adult to counteract the villain s. These stock characters are possibly a reference to the abuse that Dahl stated that he experienced in the boarding schools he attended. The BFG follows it in a more analogous way with the good giant the BFG or "Big Friendly Giant" representing the "good adult" archetype and the other giants being the "bad adults".
Class-conscious themes — ranging from the thinly veiled to the blatant — also surface in works such as Fantastic Mr Fox and Danny, the Champion of the World. Dahl also features in his books characters who are very fat, usually children. All of these characters with the possible exception of Bruce Bogtrotter are either villains or simply unpleasant gluttons. They are usually punished for this: Bruce Bogtrotter steals cake from the evil headmistress, Miss Trunchbull, and is forced to eat a gigantic chocolate cake in front of the school.
Bruno Jenkins is turned into a mouse by witches who lure him to their convention with the promise of chocolate, and, it is speculated, possibly disowned or even killed by his parents because of this. Aunt Sponge is flattened by a giant peach. In his poetry, Dahl gives a humorous re-interpretation of well-known nursery rhymes and fairy tales, providing surprise endings in place of the traditional happily-ever-after.
For a brief period in the s, Dahl wrote screenplays. Dahl later disowned the film, saying he was "disappointed" because "he thought it placed too much emphasis on Willy Wonka and not enough on Charlie".
This resulted in his refusal for any more versions of the book to be made in his lifetime. In his younger days, he was an avid reader, especially awed by fantastic tales of heroism and triumph.
Amongst his favourite authors were Rudyard Kipling , William Makepeace Thackeray , Frederick Marryat and Charles Dickens , and their works went on to make a lasting mark on his life and writing. Dahl was also a huge fan of ghost stories and claimed that Trolls by Jonas Lie was one of the finest ghost stories ever written.
While he was still a youngster, his mother, Sofie Dahl, would relate traditional Norwegian myths and legends from her native homeland to Dahl and his sisters.
Dahl always maintained that his mother and her stories had a strong influence on his writing. In one interview, he mentioned: Отзывы , авторы , цены и гарантии. Курсовая работа 40 стр. Риски в страховании Страхование. Анализ формирования госбюджета на примере РФ Бюджетное право.
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